Near miss at junction

This van driver nearly caused a nasty accident to me and my pupil because he didn’t stop at the stop sign.
When approaching closed junctions always stop at the give way line or at the stop line, look right, left and right
again and then proceed if is safe to do so.


mirrorsThere are 3 mirrors in the car, the rear view mirror and 2 side mirrors. The rear view mirror is made of flat glass and always gives you the true picture, the side mirrors are made of convex glass to give you a wider view of the road behind, and because of that everything you see on the side mirrors looks much further away than what really is. Always use the mirrors in pairs and on a regular basis. Look in the mirrors before changing speed, direction, every time you go into a new road and every time you see a hazard. (anything that makes you change your speed or direction).

Controls and instruments


car pedalsA- Clutch: you use the clutch to change the gears to find the biting point, (the point
when the gearbox engages with the engine), and also you need to depress
the clutch fully to the bottom before the car stops, so the engine doesn’t stall.
B- Brake: the footbrake is very sensitive, when braking make sure you brake gently at first increasing the pressure as you feel the car slowing down.
C- Accelerator: The accelerator is also very sensitive, the more you depress the accelerator the faster the vehicle goes,
because you are injecting more petrol into the engine. Getting to know the right amount of pressure you need to
put on the accelerator when moving off, takes a bit of practice.


hanbrakeApply and release the handbrake by pressing the button at the end of the lever. Don’t just pull the
lever up. The handbrake works only on the back wheels of the vehicle. Use the handbrake to secure
the vehicle only never to stop the vehicle, unless the footbrake fails for some reason.




manual gearsIn a manual car, the gear positions 1,2,3,4 are set out in an H pattern. Don’t force the gear lever in any position. A gentle but firm touch should be enough to move from one gear to another.
Listening to the engine helps to determine when to change the gears. Judging when to change the gears at the right time takes a bit of practice. 1, 2 and 3 are building up speed gears 4 and 5 are cruising gears. The lower the gear the more power it gives to the vehicle.


Steering wheel

steering wheel3Keep both hands on the steering wheel at all times except when using any hand
control in the vehicle like gears or handbrake. Don’t cross your arms when steering, learn the pull and push technique.


car indicators2These work the same way as you are steering. Flick them up to go right and down to go left.Try not to
take your hands from the steering wheel when indicating. Hold the steering wheel with your thumb and flick your fingers up or down.

Cockpit drill

Every time you get into your vehicle, you must make some safety checks to insure your
safety, the safety of your passengers, and other road users. We call these the cockpit drill.

cockpit drill

1- Doors: Make sure that all doors in your vehicle are properly closed.
2- Handbrake: Check that the handbrake is applied and the vehicle is secured.
3- Seat: Adjust your seat and head restraint so you can see clearly in all directions and reach
     all controls comfortably
4- Steering wheel:  Adjust the steering wheel.
5- Mirrors: Seat in your normal driving position, and adjust your mirrors so that you can have
     the best view of traffic behind and from the sides with the minimum head movement.
6- Seat belt: Make sure that you and your passengers have seat belts on.